Handling Conditional Classes in Angular

How do you handle conditional classes at a dom element in Angular? There are two main options: class-bindings and ngclass. But which one is better? I tested both to get a definite answer.

ngclass vs class-binding

How to use ngclass?

<div [ngClass]="{
  class0: condition,
  classN: condition

And how would class-binding look like?

<div [class.class0]="condition"

Test Scenario

Project Structure

app.component.class.html => contains class-binding version of the template

app.component.ngclass.html => contains ngclass version of the template

app.component.css => basic css to provide the demo styles

app.component.ts => align state and callbacks for the buttons to change the alignment

index.html => basic resetted index file

Do it yourself

just clone the repository and execute npm start.

on http://localhost:4200 you can directly interact with the current selected version.

Test Plan

  1. Open the Devtools
  2. Open the angular profiler plugin
  3. switch to “profiler” tab
  4. start recording by click the round button which become red by hover
  5. press
    1. top
    2. bottom
    3. left
    4. right
    5. center
  6. click “safe profile” to export a json with the detail report

My Result

numbers in seconds

Direction ngclass Class-binding
top 0,4999 0,2999
bottom 0,7000 0,4000
left 0,6000 0,4000
right 0,3999 0,3000
Center 0,4000 0,0999


To avoid complexity in your change detection circle you should probably use class-binding instead of ngclass.

For more complex usecases or if you want to bind a object with the typesignature Record<string, boolean> ngclass would be the right way.

About the author: Nils Heinemann

Nils has more than five years of experience in software development and architecture. He specializes in frontend development with Angular and TypeScript. Nils joined MaibornWolff in 2018. If you want to work with Nils, we are looking for Web Developers!